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Ballykerogue Castle

 

Square Tower of Castle or Keep

Square Tower of Castle or Keep

 

The sound is of the Norman invasion and conquest of Wexford and also of Cromwell’s plunder as his army “like lightning, passed through the land”. Horeswood is also known as Sutton’s Parish and is in the Barony of Shelburne. Roger de Sutton came with Robert Fitzstephen and the Normans to Bannow Bay in 1169. Roger is said to have received the land from the Norman Knight Hervey de Montemarisco who was Strongbow’s uncle.

 

The Suttons first settled in Oldcourt where they had a castle and then moved to Ballykerogue and built the castle there in 1307. The castle is in the Murphy family farmyard. Only parts of the castle remain including the towers and

castle walls. The castle was rectangular in shape with a courtyard in the centre. This courtyard or bailey housed the workers and had stables and storehouses.

 

Tower House

Tower House

 

Castle remains

Castle remains

 

Part of the Tower House collapsed in 1971. It was built for defensive purposes and stones and boiling pitch could be thrown on attackers. It was over 50 feet in height. As well, the openings, or arrow loops, for archers can be seen.

 

The tower is said to have had five floors. It had a stone stairs and a garde-robe or toilet. Two large chimneys can still be seen. The castle walls were over four feet in thickness.

 

Chimney remains

Chimney remains

 

The picture shows the chimney opening and this could be the kitchen area.

 

The Suttons were a wealthy family. When transplanted to Connacht in 1654 Joane Sutton, a widow, had with her, 225 persons, 2,184 cows, 80 plough horses, 200 sheep, 240 acres of winter corn, 400 acres of summer corn and 100 goats.

 

A fine view of the tower from 1937

A fine view of the tower from 1937

 

This is a sketch of the remains of Ballykerogue Castle by J.Fisher from 1795.

This is a sketch of the remains of Ballykerogue Castle by J.Fisher from 1795.

 Click to view above image

Cromwell arrives at the head of the Roundheads

Cromwell arrives at the head of the Roundheads

 

Sutton's Cross

Sutton's Cross

 

When Cromwell arrived in New Ross in October 1649 he sent his soldiers to the surrounding castles in the area. These were Dunbrody,Tintern, Fethard,Ballyhack and Duncannon Fort. Ballykerogue Castle was burned and twenty three Suttons were burnt to death.

 

One member of the Sutton family escaped on horseback but was overtaken and killed at the place still known as Sutton’s Cross,in the parish of nearby Ramsgrange. Then it was “to hell or to Connaught” for the survivors. Most of the original Suttons were buried in Ballykerogue cemetery and Clonmines where they also had a castle.

 

 

 

 

Killesk Castle

 

Castle from South

Castle from South

 

In our parish is the fortified church of Killesk but is usually called a castle. It was built for defensive purposes like the fortified church in Clonmines. It is thought to have been built by Hervey de Monte Marisco,the founder of Dunbrody Abbey, or his nephew,Geoffrey.It could be used by the monks as a place of sanctuary before the tower at Dunbrody was built. It has been called “a church of ease” belonging to Dunbrody. This means it was not the main church but could be used by people living far from the abbey.

 

The site for the church was well chosen as it has a stream flowing near by and was a wooded area. Killesk or Cill Uisce in Irish means “the church near the water.” There is also an excellent view here in all directions. The church is surrounded by a low earthen bank, about 1 metre high,and this too was for defending the church.

 

Main door from south

Main door from south

 

Murder hole over door

Murder hole over door

 

The church is made up of two parts- the defensive tower and the church. The church is joined to the tower on the eastern side. The door in the tower is small, measuring 1.67m in height and is 76cm wide or 5.5ft by 2.5ft. The doorway was protected by a murder hole where missiles or hot liquid could be dropped down on any unwelcome visitor.

 

Two openings on East door jamb

Two openings on East door jamb

 

One  long opening on West door jamb

One long opening on West door jamb

 

There is an interesting defensive feature on the two sides of the door or the door jambs. On the west side is a long deep opening or groove and there are two more on the east jamb. It is likely that a wooden beam went across these openings for safety.

 

People who lived in Killesk Church

 

The first mention of the church is in 1370 when it was granted to the Abbot and Monastery of Dunbrody for ever according to the historian Hore. It is possible that the monks used the church as a refuge when Dunbrody Abbey was suppressed in 1536 by King Henry 8th. The Fitzgeralds became owners later. Their ancestor was known as “Baron of the Exchequer” or the gentleman in charge of the money.

 

From that came the name “Barron” as it is spelt to-day. The Fitzgeralds were then called Barrons. William Fitzgerald or Barron was succeeded by his son Roland in 1568. His son Richard later took over. After Cromwell’s invasion the Barrons lost out. In 1655 the lands of Killesk,Drillistown and Knockea were divided among Nicholas Loftus, Earl of Anglesey and others.In all over 600 acres were divided up. Later the Glascotts owned land in Killesk and Knockea.George and William Glascott were rectors of Killesk.

 

Tour of the ruins

 

There are 2 parts to the building-the tower and the church. The main stone used was sandstone and shale. Some granite was used on the corners or quoins. The tower and joining church were built at the same time. The tower measures 8m from N to S and 5m from E to W. This is 26ft by 16ft.

 

Inside it is cylinrical shaped or barrel-vaulted. The church measures 6.9m from N to S and 7.9 from E to W. or 25.5ft by 22.6ft. Inside,the church is about 34 feet in length. The castle had 2 storeys but the second one is destroyed.

 

North- east view of castle

North- east view of castle

 

From the above picture and the first picture on top we can see that parts of the walls have collapsed. The church windows in North,South and East walls are destroyed. However it’s still a fine ruins and is nearly free of ivy which can damage the building. After entering the well fortified door in the tower you are inside the church.

 

Spiral stairs

Spiral stairs

 

Light off stairs on west wall

Light off stairs on west wall

 

Pointed doorway to gallery

Pointed doorway to gallery

 

The stairs is to the left and has 2 high steps at first and then becomes a spiral stairs. This stairs was for defensive purposes. There is a light or window off the stairs on the west wall. It is safe to climb the stairs which leads to the gallery of the church or the loft through a pointed doorway. After this the stairs continues to spiral upwards to the first floor. Off the stairs is a small room like a dungeon or oubliette. It is built into the wall and is known as a “priest’s hole”. It was probably a hideaway for the priest to meditate or to hide from intruders.

 

Priest's hole

Priest's hole

 

The stairs divides in 2 directions. To the left is a doorway which probably led to the wall walk of the church and the right takes you to the second storey. Here you will notice the opening of the garderobe chute. This was the latrine or toilet which ran down the side of the wall and opened at the bottom of the west wall on the outside.

 

Looking down garderobe chute

Looking down garderobe chute

 

Chute opening on West wall outside

Chute opening on West wall outside

 

There is no evidence of a fireplace or chimney in the castle. There is no trace of a font either. However there is a recess or opening in the south wall towards the east. This is where the altar would have been and the name for this recess is an aumbry which was a cupboard for storing sacred vessels. It is about 18 inches square.

 

Aumbry to left of window

Aumbry to left of window

 

There are 2 corbels on the North and South walls. These are projecting stones used to support the roof. Also, there are 2 beam slots on the East wall where large planks of wood fitted.

 

2 corbels

2 corbels

 

Beam slots on East wall over window

Beam slots on East wall over window

 

Finally a look at 2 windows which stand out in the church.The east window which is now ruined is supposed to have had a beautiful stained glass painting of the Last Supper.

 

West wall Window under lovely arch

West wall Window under lovely arch

 

Pointed tower light on second storey

Pointed tower light on second storey

 

Please note that this castle or church is on private property. Seán Crowley